Retinal progenitor cell xenografts to the pig retina: immunological reactions.

Karin Warfvinge, Jens F Kiilgaard, Henry Klassen, Parisa Zamiri, Erik Scherfig, Wayne Streilein, Jan U Prause, Michael J Young

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

We evaluated the host response to murine retinal progenitor cells (RPCs) following transplantation to the subretinal space (SRS) of the pig. RPCs from GFP mice were transplanted subretinally in 18 nonimmunosuppressed normal or laser-treated pigs. Evaluation of the SRS was performed on hematoxylin-cosin (H&E)-stained sections. Serum samples were taken from naive and RPC-grafted pigs and mouse-reactive antibody responses were assessed. At 1 week, histology showed a few perivascular lymphocytes consistent with a mild retinal vasculitis, and depigmentation of the RPE with large numbers of mononuclear inflammatory cells in the choroid near the transplantation site. Large choroidal infiltrates were evident at 2-5 weeks. Serum from naive and RPC-xenografted pigs contained significant levels of preformed IgG and IgM antibodies against murine antigens. Xenogeneic RPCs transplanted to the porcine SRS induced mononuclear infiltration in the choroid with graft rejection occurring over 2-5 weeks. Serum analysis confirmed that mice and pigs are discordant species; however, a cell-mediated acute mechanism appears to be responsible, rather than an antibody-mediated rejection.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)603-612
JournalCell Transplantation
Volume15
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Ophthalmology

Keywords

  • stem cell
  • xenografts
  • transplant
  • retina

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