Risk factors of future suicide in suicide attempters - A comparison between suicides and matched survivors

C Holmstrand, Anders Niméus, Lil Träskman Bendz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

The objective of this study was to find risk factors for suicide by looking for clinical and care/treatment consumption differences between 15 hospitalized suicide attempters, who later committed suicide ("completers''), and 15 suicide attempters who did not ("non-completers''), matched according to sex, age and principal diagnosis. Completers had significantly more often attempted suicide after the index admission. After index, completers had received more psychiatric care and treatment than non-completers. Comorbidity was common in both groups of patients. Personality disorders according to the DSM III-R, axis II, Cluster B, however, tended to be more common in the completer group. Increased comorbidity over time could also be seen to a larger extent in completers. In spite of the matching of principal diagnosis, completers tended to have higher Montgomery -angstrom sberg Depression Rating Scale ratings than non-completers. They also had significantly higher Suicide Assessment Scale (SUAS) scores. From this study, it is apparent that suicide attempters at risk of future suicide have major and multiple psychiatric problems, which cause difficulties in the care and treatment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)162-167
JournalNordic Journal of Psychiatry
Volume60
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Psychiatry

Keywords

  • suicide
  • suicide attempt
  • comorbidity
  • hospital care

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