Lymphoid organ hypertrophy is a characteristic feature of acute infection and is considered to enable efficient induction of adaptive immune responses. Accordingly, oral infection with rotavirus induced a robust increase in cellularity in the mesenteric LNs, whose kinetics correlated with viral load and was caused by halted lymphocyte egress and increased recruitment of cells without altered cellular proliferation. Lymphocyte sequestration and mesenteric LN hypertrophy were independent of type 1 IFN receptor signaling or the continuous presence of TNF-α. Our results support previous findings that adaptive immunity toward rotavirus is initiated primarily in the mesenteric LNs and show that type I IFN or TNF-α are not required to coordinate the events involved in the LN response.
Subject classification (UKÄ)
- Immunology in the medical area
- lymphoid organ hypertrophy
- type I interferon