Sahl and the Tājika Yogas: Indian transformations of Arabic astrology

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3 Citations (SciVal)


This paper offers a positive identification of Sahl ibn Bishr’s Kitāb al-ʾaḥkām ʿalā ʾn-niṣba al-falakiyya as the Arabic source text for what is perhaps the most characteristic feature of the medieval Perso-Indian style of astrology known as tājika: the sixteen yogas or types of planetary configurations. The dependence of two late sixteenth-century tājika works in Sanskrit – Nīlakaṇṭha’s Tājikanīlakaṇṭhī and Gaṇeśa’s Tājikabhūṣaṇa – on Sahl, presumably through one or more intermediary texts, is demonstrated by a comparison of the terminology and examples employed; and the Indian reception of Arabic astrology is discussed, including reinterpretations of technical terms occasioned partly by corrupt transmission.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)531-546
JournalAnnals of Science
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Bibliographical note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015.
The record was previously connected to the following departments: Centre for Theology and Religious Studies (015017000)

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Philosophy, Ethics and Religion


  • Sahl
  • Tajika
  • Sanskrit
  • Arabic
  • astrology
  • Nilakantha
  • Tajikabhusana
  • Tajikanilakanthi


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