Seasonal and Long-Term Storage of Baled Municipal Solid Waste

Diauddin Nammari

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis (compilation)

Abstract

Baling of MSW has been extensively used in Sweden and other countries for the storage of energy (biomass for energy) for incineration and production of either and or electricity and heat. Baling is performed in two principally different ways, leading to cylindrical- or rectangular bales. This work has focused on various parameters during the storage of MSW. The first parameters investigated were gaseous emissions CO2, O2, CH4 and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from cylindrical and rectangular bales wrapped with plastic and unwrapped. A comparison of the two bale types was carried out with regard to VOCs. It was found that cylindrical and rectangular bales differ significantly. The emission of aromatic organic compounds was predominant in rectangular bales, while esters were predominant in cylindrical bales. Temperature was another parameter investigated. Firstly a comparison of three different interpolation methods: IDW, Thessian and ordinary kriging, was carried to enable accurate interpolation of temperature data. It was found that ordinary kriging was the most appropriate. The interpolation allowed for the 3-dimensional visualization of spatial and temporal distribution of temperature in bale storage. The interpolated temperatures were used to calculate material losses due to microbial degradation. It was estimated that between 10-15% of the structure mineralizes into carbon dioxide in 320 days. The analysis of the temperature distribution from seven different structures showed that the temperature does not increase above 70C. It was concluded that the risk of self ignition is minimal. Even though, fires do occur in storage of bale waste and in order to investigate the risk associated with a bale storage fire, a controlled fire experiment was carried out. The smoke was analyzed for various pollutant including polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and dioxins. The concentrations measured were 15 ng/g sum of PAHs, 4.15 ng/g of naphthalene and 0.06 ng (ITEF-88)/g, 0.07 ng (ITEF-99)/ng and 0.07 ng (Eadons)/g respectively. The examples from literature and our own experiments show that waste storage areas should be more protected and prepared for fires, since a fire in a bale storage area can have a very high environmental and financial impact. Taking all in consideration, baling is an excellent method for temporary waste storage, especially for incineration. However baling is not advised as method for permanent storage as in landfills.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor
Awarding Institution
  • Centre for Analysis and Synthesis
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Mathiasson, Lennart, Supervisor
Award date2006 Jun 16
Publisher
Print ISBNs91-7422-118-3
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Bibliographical note

Defence details

Date: 2006-06-16
Time: 13:15
Place: Lecture Hall A Centre for Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Sölvegatan 39, Lund

External reviewer(s)

Name: Hansen, Jens Aage
Title: Professor
Affiliation: Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark

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<div class="article_info">Diauddin Nammari, William Hogland, Marcia Marques, Sven Nimmermark and Viatcheslav Moutavtchi. <span class="article_issue_date">2003</span>. <span class="article_title">Physical and chemical processes in baled waste fuel, with emphasis on gaseous emissions</span> <span class="journal_volume">vol 2q</span> <span class="journal_pages">pp 309-317</span>. <span class="journal_distributor">Department of Analytical Chemistry</span></div>
<div class="article_info">Diauddin Nammari, Lennart Mathiasson, Lennart Mårtensson, Marcia Marques, Lars Thörneby and William Hogland. <span class="article_issue_date">2006</span>. <span class="article_title">Emissions from Baled Municipal Solid Waste: I. Methodological approach for investigation of gaseous emissions</span> <span class="journal_distributor">Department of Analytical Chemsitry</span> (submitted)</div>
<div class="article_info">Diauddin Nammari, Lennart Mathiasson, Lennart Mårtensson, Marcia Marques, Lars Thörneby and William Hogland. <span class="article_issue_date">2006</span>. <span class="article_title">Emissions from Baled Municipal Solid Waste II. Effects of different treatments and baling techniques</span> <span class="journal_distributor">Department of Analytical Chemistry</span> (submitted)</div>
<div class="article_info">Diauddin Nammari, William Hogland, Marcia Marques, Sven Nimmermark and Viatcheslav Moutavtchi. <span class="article_issue_date">2004</span>. <span class="article_title">Emissions from a controlled fire in municipal solid waste bales</span> <span class="journal_volume">vol 24</span> <span class="journal_pages">pp 9-18</span>. <span class="journal_distributor">Department of Analytical Chemistry</span></div>
<div class="article_info">Diauddin Nammari. <span class="article_issue_date">2006</span>. <span class="article_title">Interpolation and visualisation of temperature in municipal solid waste bale storage</span> <span class="journal_distributor">Department of Analytical Chemistry</span> (submitted)</div>


The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015.
The record was previously connected to the following departments: Analytical Chemistry (S/LTH) (011001004)

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Analytical Chemistry

Keywords

  • pollution control
  • Environmental technology
  • Analytisk kemi
  • Analytical chemistry
  • Miljöstudier
  • Environmental studies
  • Waste storage
  • Poly aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH)
  • Dioxin
  • Self ignition
  • Volatile organic compounds
  • GC-MS
  • Temperature
  • Interpolation
  • Baling
  • Cylindrical bales
  • Rectangular bales
  • Miljöteknik
  • kontroll av utsläpp

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