Sociodemographic factors associated with HbA1c variability in type 2 diabetes: a prospective exploratory cohort study

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background
The associations between sociodemographic factors and HbA1c variability in type 2 diabetes are not yet established. Examining group differences in HbA1c variability may help identify patient characteristics related to diabetes management. The present study examined differences in baseline HbA1c and HbA1c variability between groups with regard to sex, level of education, civil status, age, and BMI, in a sample of individuals with type 2 diabetes.

Methods
The study was a prospective exploratory cohort study. Differences in HbA1c variability between sociodemographic groups were analyzed in 158 individuals. HbA1c variability was assessed as the standard deviation (SD) and coefficient of variation (CV) over five measured points, and a questionnaire was used to assess sociodemographic factors.

Results
The results showed significantly higher HbA1c variability in men compared to women (mean difference 1.44 mmol/mol [95% CI: 0.58 to 2.31]), and significantly higher HbA1c variability in individuals with a BMI characterized as obese compared to individuals with a BMI characterized as normal weight (mean difference 1.56 mmol/mol [95% CI: 0.25 to 2.88]). There were no significant associations between HbA1c variability and civil status or education.

Conclusions
Men and individuals with obesity may be more vulnerable to future diabetic complications than other groups, since they have greater long-term glycemic variability.
Original languageEnglish
Article number102
Number of pages8
JournalBMC Endocrine Disorders
Volume20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jul 8

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Health Sciences
  • Endocrinology and Diabetes
  • Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

Free keywords

  • Type 2 Diabetes
  • Glycemic control
  • HbA1c variability
  • Sociodemographic factors
  • Sex differences
  • BMI
  • Diabetes management

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Sociodemographic factors associated with HbA1c variability in type 2 diabetes: a prospective exploratory cohort study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this