BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine potential therapeutic effect of the two NO donors NCX 2057 (3-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-2-propenoic acid) 4-(nitrooxy)butyl ester) and SNP (sodium nitroprusside) on the early allergic airway response in the peripheral lung. METHODS: The experiments were performed in guinea pig lung parenchyma (GPLP) derived from ovalbumin (OVA) sensitized guinea pigs. The effects of NCX 2057 and SNP were evaluated by contractile responses and mediator release during OVA challenge. The generation of nitrite and nitrate was assessed by chemiluminescence. Statistical analysis was evaluated by ANOVA. RESULTS: Cumulatively increasing concentrations of OVA (1-10,000 ng/ml) induced concentration-dependent contractions of the GPLP that were reduced by NCX 2057 (100 microM, p < 0.001) and SNP (100 microM, p < 0.05). Antigen-induced eicosanoid release was decreased by NCX 2057 (100 microM, p < 0.001) but not by SNP (100 microM), whereas the release of histamine was reduced by SNP (100 microM, p < 0.001) but not by NCX 2057 (100 microM). In addition, NCX 2057 (0.1-100 microM), but not SNP (0.1-100 microM), relaxed leukotriene D4 (10 nM) precontracted GPLP (p < 0.01). The guanylyl cyclase inhibitor ODQ had no effect on the NCX 2057 mediated relaxation. SNP released significantly less nitrite than NCX 2057. CONCLUSION: Although both SNP and NCX 2057 reduced the release of pro-inflammatory mediators, their profiles were distinctly different. Furthermore, NCX 2057 also induced smooth muscle dilation in the GPLP. The findings point to specific anti-inflammatory effects of different NO donors in the peripheral lung tissue.
Subject classification (UKÄ)
- Respiratory Medicine and Allergy