Stress management in men with solvent-induced chronic toxic encephalopathy

Björn Karlson, Lena Seger, Kai Österberg, Gunnel Åbjörnsson, Palle Örbaek

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Stress management was studied in male patients with solvent-induced chronic toxic encephalopathy (TE) of types 2A (TE 2A, n = 31) and 2B (TE 2B, n = 26). The patients were compared with a healthy reference group (n = 57). Self-reported symptoms (90-item Symptoms Checklist [SCL-90]), sense of coherence, coping strategies, and level of mastery were measured. As expected, both TE groups reported highly deviating symptoms on most SCL-90 scales. The TE 2B patients, who had objectified cognitive dysfunction, reported more use of passive, less situationally adequate coping strategies; a weaker sense of coherence; and a lower degree of mastery. In contrast, the TE 2A cases showed only minor deviations from the reference group in these respects. The results suggest that having a strong sense of coherence, a sense of mastery, and flexible resources for stress management could be dependent on intact brain functions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)670-675
JournalJournal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Environmental Health and Occupational Health


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