Synergistic Effects of Sanglifehrin-Based Cyclophilin Inhibitor NV651 with Cisplatin in Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Sonia Simón Serrano, Michele Tavecchio, Josef Mallik, Alvar Grönberg, Eskil Elmér, Chamseddine Kifagi, Philippe Gallay, Magnus Joakim Hansson, Ramin Massoumi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), commonly diagnosed at an advanced stage, is the most common primary liver cancer. Owing to a lack of effective HCC treatments and the commonly acquired chemoresistance, novel therapies need to be investigated. Cyclophilins—intracellular proteins with peptidyl-prolyl isomerase activity—have been shown to play a key role in therapy resistance and cell proliferation. Here, we aimed to evaluate changes in the gene expression of HCC cells caused by cyclophilin inhibition in order to explore suitable combination treatment approaches, including the use of chemoagents, such as cisplatin. Our results show that the novel cyclophilin inhibitor NV651 decreases the expression of genes involved in several pathways related to the cancer cell cycle and DNA repair. We evaluated the potential synergistic effect of NV651 in combination with other treatments used against HCC in cisplatin-sensitive cells. NV651 showed a synergistic effect in inhibiting cell proliferation, with a significant increase in intrinsic apoptosis in combination with the DNA crosslinking agent cisplatin. This combination also affected cell cycle progression and reduced the capacity of the cell to repair DNA in comparison with a single treatment with cisplatin. Based on these results, we believe that the combination of cisplatin and NV651 may provide a novel approach to HCC treatment.
Original languageEnglish
Article number4553
JournalCancers
Volume14
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Sep

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Cancer and Oncology

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