Synthesis and transfection efficiencies of new lipophilic polyamines

Richard Andrew Gardner, Mattias Belting, Katrin Svensson, Otto Phanstiel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A homologous series of lipophilic polyamines was synthesized and evaluated for DNA delivery and transfection efficiency. The series contained 1,4-butanediamine, 1,8-octanediamine, 2-[2-(2-amino-ethoxy)-ethoxy]-ethylamine, homospermidine, and homospermine covalently attached via their N-1 terminus to a 3,4-bis(oleyloxy)-benzyl motif. In addition, homospermidine and homospermine were also attached via amide linkers. The homospermidine derivatives (i.e., benzyl tether 25 and benzamide tether 27) showed a 3-fold and 4-fold respective enhancement in delivery of AlexaFluor-488-labeled DNA over the butanediamine analogue 22. Homospermine derivative 26 was shown to inhibit C-14-spermine uptake (IC50 similar to 10 mu M), which implied that 26 is able to compete effectively for polyamine recognition sites on the cell surface. This study demonstrated that the number and position of the positive charges along the polyamine scaffold plays a key role in DNA delivery and in determining the transfection efficiency.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)308-318
JournalJournal of Medicinal Chemistry
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Medicinal Chemistry


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