gamma -Carboxylated proteins were detected in normal human pancreas by immunohistochemistry with a monoclonal antibody (M3B) specific for gamma -carboxyglutamyl residues, Staining appeared to be localized to the glucagon-secreting alpha -cells in the islets of Langerhans, Consistent with this, sections from a glucagonoma were stained much more intensely with the M3B antibody than those from an insulinoma. A murine alpha -cell line (alpha TC1 Clone 9) was cultured and gamma -carboxylated polypeptides, identified immunologically as prothrombin, protein S and (tentatively) Gas6, were isolated from the intracellular compartment by chromatography on an M3B-coupled resin, As in liver, prothrombin is synthesized by alpha -cells as a gamma -carboxylated zymogen that can be cleaved by ecarin to form an active serine protease that is inhibited by hirudin, The pancreas thus appears to be a novel site of synthesis for certain vitamin K-dependent proteins.
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 2001|
Subject classification (UKÄ)
- Biological Sciences
- protein S
- vitamin K