Synthetic studies of rigid tetracyclic oxanorbornanes. Regioselective reductive Heck arylation of a tetracyclic scaffold

Andreas Wållberg

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis (compilation)

Abstract

Rigid or conformationally restricted compounds are intresting from a pharmacological point of view since they do not have to pay the entropy penalty paid by more flexible molecules in binding to e.g. a protein. In this thesis, synthetic transformations of a rigid tetracyclic oxanorbornene scaffold are described, yielding novel compounds with low molecular weight, rigid framework and high oxygen content, which confers reasonable water solubility.

Reductive Heck arylation performed on the tetracyclic oxanorbornene scaffold yielded the exo-arylsubstituted oxanorbornane as one single regioisomer. Because of the expected exo face selectivity the reaction is both regioselective and stereoselective. The regioselectivity appeared to be independent of the aryliodide used; only one regioisomer was detected when the reaction was performed with 2-, 3-, and 4-iodophenols, 2-iodothiophene, 2-chloro-5-iodopyridine and methyl 4-iodobenzoic ester. However, when the oxanorbornene is substituted with an electron withdrawing group the regioselectivity is not complete and also to some extent dependent of the aryliodide used. Hence, a tetracycle substituted with an -OAc group at C-1 gave an 84:16 ratio of regioisomers when the reaction was performed with 4-iodophenol, 97:3 when the Heck arylation was performed with iodobenzene and as one single isomer when the reaction was performed with methyl 4-iodobenzoic acid. It appears that electron rich aryl iodides result in lower regioselectivity and electron poor higher. Though the regioselectivities to some extent are dependent of electronic factors, the major cause are probably steric. Steric repulsion in the transition state between the aryl group and one of the protons alfa to the sulfur atom (H-10) might account for the regiochemical outcome.

The high density of oxygen atoms in the tetracyclic scaffold was further increased by dihydroxylation of the double bond. This structure was used as the polar "head" in synthesis of alipid analog, which would have physical properties similar to glycolipids.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor
Awarding Institution
  • Centre for Analysis and Synthesis
Supervisors/Advisors
  • [unknown], [unknown], Supervisor, External person
Award date2000 Oct 27
Publisher
Print ISBNs91-7874-079-7
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Bibliographical note

Defence details

Date: 2000-10-27
Time: 10:15
Place: Kemicentrum sal C

External reviewer(s)

Name: Classon, Björn
Title: [unknown]
Affiliation: Huddinge

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The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015.
The record was previously connected to the following departments: Organic chemistry (S/LTH) (011001240)

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Organic Chemistry

Keywords

  • Organic chemistry
  • oxanorbornane
  • rigid
  • Heck-reaction
  • regioselective
  • Organisk kemi

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