Tailored nurse-led cardiac rehabilitation after myocardial infarction results in better risk factor control at one year compared to traditional care: A retrospective observational study

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Abstract

Background: Cardiac rehabilitation improves prognosis after an acute myocardial infarction (AMI), however, the optimal method of implementation is unknown. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of individually-tailored, nurse-led cardiac rehabilitation on patient outcomes. Method: This single-centre retrospective observational study included 217 patients (62±9years, 73% men). All patients attended cardiac rehabilitation including at least two follow-up consultations with a nurse. Patients receiving traditional care (n=105) had a routine cardiologist consultation, while for those receiving tailored care (n=112) their need for a cardiologist consultation was individually evaluated by the nurses. Regression analysis was used to analyse risk factor control and hospital readmissions at one year. Results: Patients in the tailored group achieved better control of total cholesterol (-0.1 vs+0.4 mmol/L change between baseline (time of index event) and 12-14-month follow-up, (p=0.01), LDL cholesterol (-0.1 vs+0.2 mmol/L, p=0.02) and systolic blood pressure (-2.1 vs+4.3 mmHg, p=0.01). Active smokers, at baseline, were more often smoke-free at one-year in the tailored group [OR 0.32 (0.1-1.0), p=0.05]. There was a no significant difference in re-admissions during the first year of follow-up. In the tailored group 60% of the patients had a cardiologist consultation compared to 98% in the traditional group (p<0.001). The number of nurse visits was the same in both groups, while the number of telephone contacts was 38% higher in the tailored group (p=0.02). Conclusion: A tailored, nurse-led cardiac rehabilitation programme can improve risk factor management in post-AMI patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article number167
JournalBMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Aug 15

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
  • Nursing

Keywords

  • Acute myocardial infarction
  • Cardiac rehabilitation
  • Cardiovascular risk factors
  • Nurse-led care
  • Secondary prevention

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