Tailoring of the longitudinal phase space for improved Free-Electron Laser performance

Saeid Pirani, Francesca Curbis, Mihai Pop, Sverker Werin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Free-electron lasers are capable of producing high-quality radiation in a wide wavelength range and at very high power and brilliance. To reach improved performance especially regarding coherence, bandwidth and wavelength stability, different seeding techniques are often required. However, a successful implementation of seeding typically demands a very high-quality electron beam, in terms of energy distribution and emittance. Techniques like Echo-Enabled Harmonic Generation (EEHG) and High-Brightness SASE (HB-SASE) require, or are significantly enhanced, by a flat distribution of particles in the longitudinal phase space. In this paper we describe how the initially chirped longitudinal phase space in the proposed Soft X-ray Laser (SXL) at the MAX IV laboratory can be tailored by first overcompressing and then de-chirping the electron pulse. We also show that it is possible to retain the properties of the electron bunch and how such an enhanced distribution can drive HB-SASE “seeding”, resulting in a significantly reduced bandwidth and a better wavelength stability.

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Accelerator Physics and Instrumentation

Free keywords

  • De-chirper
  • Free-Electron Laser
  • Longitudinal phase space
  • Overcompression


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