Temporal biomarker profiling reveals longitudinal changes in risk of death or myocardial infarction in Non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome

Mark Y. Chan, Megan L. Neely, Matthew T. Roe, Shaun G. Goodman, David Erlinge, Jan H. Cornel, Kenneth J. Winters, Joseph A. Jakubowski, Chunmei Zhou, Keith A. Fox, Paul W. Armstrong, Harvey D. White, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, E. Magnus Ohman, Kurt Huber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: There are conflicting data on whether changes in N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) concentrations between time points (delta NT-proBNP and hs-CRP) are associated with a change in prognosis. METHODS: We measured NT-proBNP and hs-CRP at 3 time points in 1665 patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTEACS). Cox proportional hazards was applied to the delta between temporal measurements to determine the continuous association with cardiovascular events. Effect estimates for delta NT-proBNP and hs-CRP are presented per 40% increase as the basic unit of temporal change. RESULTS: Median NT-proBNP was 370.0 (25th, 75th percentiles, 130.0, 996.0), 340.0 (135.0, 875.0), and 267.0 (111.0, 684.0) ng/L; and median hs-CRP was 4.6 (1.7, 13.1), 1.9 (0.8, 4.5), and 1.8 (0.8, 4.4) mg/L at baseline, 30 days, and 6 months, respectively. The deltas between baseline and 6 months were the most prognostically informative. Every 40% increase of delta NTproBNP (baseline to 6 months) was associated with a 14% greater risk of cardiovascular death (adjusted hazard ratio (HR) 1.14, 95% CI, 1.03-1.27) and with a 14% greater risk of all-cause death (adjusted HR 1.14, 95% CI, 1.04 -1.26), while every 40% increase of delta hs- CRP (baseline to 6 months) was associated with a 9% greater risk of the composite end point (adjusted HR 1.09, 95% CI, 1.02-1.17) and a 10% greater risk of myocardial infarction (adjusted HR 1.10, 95%, CI 1.00 -1.20). CONCLUSIONS: Temporal changes in NT-proBNP and hs-CRP are quantitatively associated with future cardiovascular events, supporting their role in dynamic risk stratification of NSTEACS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1214-1226
Number of pages13
JournalClinical Chemistry
Volume63
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jul 1

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Medicinal Chemistry

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