Test of four different experimental methods to determine sorption isotherms

Björn Johannesson, Mårten Janz

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One important property of materials is their moisture fixation capacity, i.e., their ability to hold moisture at different relative humidities. The sorption isotherm is one of the main input data in moisture diffusion models, and it can also be used to evaluate properties of the microstructure. We have used four different methods to measure the sorption isotherm of sandstone and porous glass. The first method was to equilibrate samples over saturated salt solutions. The second was a sorption balance in which small material samples were weighed as they were exposed to different relative humidities. The third method was the pressure plate extractor, in which a totally wet sample was equilibrated at various overpressures, corresponding to certain relative humidities. The fourth method was a newly developed microcalorimetric technique to measure sorption isotherms. Despite the different natures of the methods, a satisfying agreement was found. (10 refs.)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)471-477
JournalJournal of Materials in Civil Engineering
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2002

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Materials Engineering

Free keywords

  • Isotherms
  • Civil engineering
  • Sorption
  • Moisture
  • Atmospheric humidity
  • Diffusion
  • Sandstone
  • Microcalorimetric technique
  • Porous materials


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