The application of pulse flours in the development of plant‐based cheese analogues: Proximate composition, color, and texture properties

Ferawati Ferawati, Mohammed Hefni, Karolina Östbring, Cornelia Witthöft

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Despite the many benefits of pulses, their consumption is still very low in many Western countries. One approach to solving this issue is to develop attractive pulse‐based foods, e.g., plant-based cheeses. This study aimed to assess the suitability of different types of pulse flour, from boiled and roasted yellow peas and faba beans, to develop plant‐based cheese analogues. Different stabilizer combinations (kappa‐ and iota‐carrageenan, kappa‐carrageenan, and xanthan gum) were tested. The results showed that firm and sliceable pulse‐based cheese analogues could be prepared using all types of pulse flour using a flour‐to‐water ratio of 1:4 with the addition of 1% (w/w) kappa-carrageenan. The hardness levels of the developed pulse‐based cheese analogues were higher (1883– 2903 g, p < 0.01) than the reference Gouda cheese (1636 g) but lower than the commercial vegan cheese analogue (5787 g, p < 0.01). Furthermore, the crude protein (4–6% wb) and total dietary fiber (6–8% wb) contents in the developed pulse‐based cheese analogues were significantly (p < 0.01) higher than in the commercial vegan cheese analogue, whereas the fat contents were lower. In conclusion, flours from boiled and roasted yellow peas and faba beans have been shown to be suitable as raw materials for developing cheese analogues with nutritional benefits.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2208
JournalFoods
Volume10
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Sep

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Food Science

Keywords

  • Cheese analogue
  • Faba beans
  • Plant‐based
  • Texture
  • Yellow peas

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