The economics of general thromboembolic prophylaxis

David Bergqvist, Stefan Jendteg, Björn Lindgren, Thomas Mätzsch, Ulf Persson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The clinical and economic effects of each of 3 alternatives—no prophylaxis, general prophylaxis, and selective treatment—have been assessed in conjunction with 3 types of surgery—general surgery, the subset surgery for cholelithiasis, and elective hip surgery. The costs of thromboembolic and hemorrhagic complications have been calculated from the figures for 28 patients hospitalized at the Department of Surgery, Malmö General Hospital, Malmö, Sweden. The anticipated number of thromboembolic complications—and thus even the number of fatal pulmonary embolisms—can be minimized in all 3 types of surgery by means of general prophylaxis. General prophylaxis with low-dose heparin is, however, accompanied by the greatest incidence of hemorrhagic complications.
Health care costs are minimized with general prophylaxis in elective hip and general surgery, while no prophylaxis is the best alternative in surgery for cholelithiasis.
From the patient's point of view, general prophylaxis minimizes the duration of thromboembolic disease in general surgery as well as in elective hip surgery. In surgery for cholelithiasis, however, no differences in health loss for the individual are shown between the 2 main alternatives, no prophylaxis and general prophylaxis.
Selective treatment means treatment after diagnosis of thrombosis with some screening method. The alternative selective treatment was the least satisfactory of those 3 studied.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)349-355
JournalWorld Journal of Surgery
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1988

Bibliographical note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015.
The record was previously connected to the following departments: Division of Health Economics and Forensic Medicine (Closed 2012) (013040050), Emergency medicine/Medicine/Surgery (013240200)

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Surgery

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