Selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs), tamoxifen (Tam) and toremifene (Tor), are widely used in the treatment of breast cancer. In addition, they have been demonstrated to prevent estrogen deficiency-induced bone loss in postmenopausal women. These effects are thought to be caused by the interaction of the SERMs with the estrogen receptor, although SERMs have also been shown to conduct non-receptor-mediated effects such as rapid changes in membrane functions. We compared the effects of Tam, Tor, and 17β-estradiol (E2) on the viability of rat osteoclasts and osteoblasts. Both Tam and Tor were found to cause osteoclast apoptosis in in vitro cultures, which was reversed by E2. In addition, at higher concentration (10 μM), both SERMs had an estrogen receptor-independent effect, which involved interaction with the plasma membrane as demonstrated with UMR-108 osteosarcoma cells by Tam and Tor, but not E2. A leak of protons leading to changes in intracellular pH was shown both in medullary bone derived membrane vesicles and in intact cells. These effects were followed by a rapid loss of cell viability and subsequent cell lysis. Our results show that both Tam and Tor have an ionophoric effect on the plasma membranes of bone cells and that these SERMs differed in this ability: Tor induced rapid membrane depolarization only in the presence of high concentration of potassium. These non-receptor-mediated effects may be involved in therapeutic responses and explain some clinical side effects associated with the treatment of patients with these SERMs
Bibliographical noteDepartment affilation moved from v1000588 (Tumour Biology, Malmö) to v1000562 (Department of Translational Medicine) on 2016-01-18 14:39:27.
Subject classification (UKÄ)
- Cancer and Oncology