The Emerging EU Peacebuilding Framework: Confirming or Transcending Liberal Peacebuilding

Annika Björkdahl, Oliver Richmond, Stefanie Kappler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Citations (SciVal)


The EU is now emerging as a major actor in regional and global peacebuilding. The
EU does not perceive conflict as endemic, and develops its policy on the basis that
conflict is eminently resolvable if structural issues, needs, social injustice, and
inequality are addressed. Yet its peacebuilding project is subject to some significant
and familiar contradictions. We identify the basis for what may become a ‘EU
peacebuilding framework’ (EUPF), and argue that while it aspires to a ‘just and
durable peace’ including practical tools and a normative framework, these need to be
set in critical relief. Recent research on developing a more sophisticated form of
locally relevant peacebuilding (in contradistinction to the evolving, global
‘peacebuilding consensus’ and statebuilding project) indicates significant issues with
the EU’s emerging approach.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)449-469
JournalCambridge Review of International Affairs
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Political Science


  • EU
  • Liberal peace
  • Peacebuilding


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