The Escherichia coli CysZ is a pH dependent sulfate transporter that can be inhibited by sulfite

Li Zhang, Wangshu Jiang, Jie Nan, Jonas Almqvist, Yafei Huang

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11 Citations (SciVal)


The Escherichia coli inner membrane protein CysZ mediates the sulfate uptake subsequently utilized for the synthesis of sulfur-containing compounds in cells. Here we report the purification and functional characterization of CysZ. Using Isothermal Titration Calorimetry, we have observed interactions between CysZ and its putative substrate sulfate. Additional sulfur-containing compounds from the cysteine synthesis pathway have also been analyzed for their abilities to interact with CysZ. Our results suggest that CysZ is dedicated to a specific pathway that assimilates sulfate for the synthesis of cysteine. Sulfate uptake via CysZ into E. coli whole cells and proteoliposome offers direct evidence of CysZ being able to mediate sulfate uptake. In addition, the cysteine synthesis pathway intermediate sulfite can interact directly with CysZ with higher affinity than sulfate. The sulfate transport activity is inhibited in the presence of sulfite, suggesting the existence of a feedback inhibition mechanism in which sulfite regulates sulfate uptake by CysZ. Sulfate uptake assays performed at different extracellular pH and in the presence of a proton uncoupler indicate that this uptake is driven by the proton gradient.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1809-16
Number of pages8
JournalBiochimica et biophysica acta
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jul


  • Biological Transport
  • Cysteine
  • Escherichia coli
  • Escherichia coli Proteins
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Proteolipids
  • Protons
  • Sulfates


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