The evolution of Z stent-based stent-grafts for endovascular aneurysm repair: a life-table analysis of 7.5-year followup.

Timothy Resch, Martin Malina, Bengt Lindblad, Krassi Ivancev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to analyze the impact of stent-graft design and operator skills on outcomes after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. STUDY DESIGN: One hundred sixty-four patients (mean age 71 years) underwent stent-graft repair. Patients were treated with four different types of stent-graft: first-generation (n = 58) and second-generation (n = 17) Ivancev-Malmö monoiliac stent-grafts (IM I and IM II, respectively) combined with femoral-femoral crossover, Chuter bifurcated stent-graft (n = 15), and the Zenith stent-graft (n = 74). Patients underwent digital subtraction angiography and contrast CT preoperatively and were then followed with CT scans postoperatively. Recently, followup was changed to CT scanning at 1 month and 1 year postoperatively and annually thereafter. Ultrasonographic duplex scanning substitutes in the remaining followup. Changes in aneurysm diameters and occurrence of endoleaks were recorded. Short- and midterm mortality and complications and postoperative secondary interventions were recorded, and life-table analysis for intervention-free stent-graft survival was calculated. RESULTS: Immediate and late conversions and 30-day mortality were reduced for second- (IM II and Zenith) compared with first-generation stent-grafts (IM I and Chuter). Stent-graft migrations occurred only with the IM I and Chuter stent-grafts. Type I endoleak was significantly more common in first-generation stent-grafts. First-generation stent-grafts required significantly more secondary interventions than second-generation stent-grafts up to 30 months postoperatively. CONCLUSION: Enhanced stent-graft design has improved the probability of stent-graft success after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. Better technical skills and increased use of intraoperative adjunctive procedures may also have contributed to improved results.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S74-S78
JournalJournal of the American College of Surgeons
Volume194
Issue number1 Suppl
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002

Bibliographical note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015.
The record was previously connected to the following departments: Medical Radiology Unit (013241410), Unit for Clinical Vascular Disease Research (013242410), Emergency medicine/Medicine/Surgery (013240200)

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Surgery

Keywords

  • Life Tables
  • Human
  • Female
  • Equipment Design
  • Factual
  • Databases
  • Abdominal/radiography/*surgery
  • Aortic Aneurysm
  • 80 and over
  • Aged
  • Male
  • Middle Age
  • Postoperative Complications/*mortality
  • *Stents

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