The Genetics of Urinary Tract Infections and the Innate Defense of the Kidney and Urinary tract

Ines Ambite, GUSTAV RYDSTRÖM, Andrew L Schwaderer, David S Hains

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

The urinary tract is a sterile organ system. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common and often serious infections. Research has focused on uropathogen, environment, and host factors leading to UTI pathogenesis. A growing body of evidence exists implicating genetic factors that can contribute to UTI risks. In this review, we highlight genetic variations in aspects of the innate immune system critical to the host response to uropathogens. This overview includes genetic variations in pattern recognition receptor molecules, chemokines/cytokines, and neutrophil activation. We also comprehensively cover murine knockout models of UTI, genetic variations involved in renal scarring as a result of ascending UTIs, and asymptomatic bacteriuria.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-32
JournalJournal of pediatric genetics
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Mar

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Urology and Nephrology

Keywords

  • Journal Article
  • Review

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