The Implementation of the Kyoto Targets in Lithuania from a Perspective of Multi-level Governance

Julija Naujekaite

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis (monograph)


International climate change agreements and the European Union legislation have an influence on different levels of governance, including national legal systems and administrative schemes. The following research question is addressed in the doctoral dissertation: “How does Lithuania, specifically the industrial sector, implement GHG reduction requirements under the Kyoto Protocol and the European Union regulations?” Implementation of GHG emission reductions is analyzed from a perspective of multi-level governance and sociology of law. The research is carried out on four levels – supra-state; state; sub-state and societal. These are described as international; national; administrative and industrial arenas in the dissertation. Hence the implementation of climate change legal rules is based on authoritative decision-making across multiple territorial levels. In the dissertation, legal frameworks regarding reductions of GHG emissions are described - and the institutions along with their mandates are identified. There is a hierarchical top-down regulated implementation of legal rules and actors involved at different levels. A perspective based upon Sociology of Law makes it possible to relate the top-down implementation of legal rules to society. In the dissertation the most dominant driving forces and norms affecting actors on each level of implementation are evaluated, by interviewing respondents from state and administrative institutions and industrial companies. Responses on policy implementation from industrial sector are explored. Suggestions regarding GHG emission reduction requirements of the Kyoto Protocol and the European Union legal acts are provided.
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • Department of Sociology of Law
  • Åström, Karsten, Supervisor
  • Svensson, Måns, Supervisor
  • Lazdinis, Imantas, Supervisor, External person
Award date2011 Dec 16
ISBN (Print)978-9955-19-352-4
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Defence details

Date: 2011-12-16
Time: 10:00
Place: Mykolas Romeris University, Vilnius, Lithauen

External reviewer(s)

Name: Kazimieras Paulikas, Vygandas
Title: Professor
Affiliation: Mykolas Romeri University

Name: Wickenberg, Per
Title: Docent
Affiliation: Lunds Universitet


Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Law and Society


  • Obligations of the Kyoto Protocol
  • multi-level governance
  • sociology of law
  • driving forces
  • norms
  • industry


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