Whether acute otitis media (AOM) should be the cause for antibiotic treatment has been a matter of debate during the last decades. Treatment guidelines are based on less than twenty trials that have found the effect of antibiotics on symptomatic outcomes in AOM, such as pain, to be very modest. Two recent trials found a more substantial effect of antibiotics when they looked at treatment failure as the outcome. That the effect varies with the chosen outcome may not only be because the true effect is different but also because different outcomes are more or less specific for the disease in question.
|Journal||International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology|
|Publication status||Published - 2014|
Subject classification (UKÄ)