The Perceived Demands of Ice Hockey Goaltending Movements on the Hip and Groin Region: An Elite Coach and Player Perspective

Tobias Wörner, Ryan J. Frayne, Thomas Magnusson, Frida Eek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Many ice hockey goaltending techniques force hip joints and groin muscles into extreme ranges of motion, which may increase the risk of hip and groin problems. Purpose: To explore how elite goaltenders and goaltending coaches perceive the demands of common goaltending techniques on the hip and groin region. We further explored differences in perception between goaltenders and their coaches as well as between junior (age <20 years) and senior (age ≥20 years) goaltenders. Study Design: Cross-sectional survey. Methods: We developed a model to categorize common ice hockey goaltending techniques into quantifiable units and invited elite goaltenders and coaches in Sweden to complete an online survey. Participants were asked to rate the perceived demands of each technique on the hip and groin using a Likert scale (not at all, slightly, somewhat, very, or extremely demanding). Using the chi-square test, the proportion of participants perceiving each technique as very or extremely demanding were compared between goaltenders and coaches as well as between senior and junior goaltenders. Results: We received responses from 132 goaltenders and 43 coaches. The stances most frequently perceived as very or extremely demanding were the reverse vertical horizontal post-play (40%) and the butterfly save (25%). Among transitions, movements into the post were most frequently rated as very or extremely demanding (11%–40%). Several techniques were perceived as demanding by a larger share of coaches than goaltenders (difference, 13%–46%; P <.001–.028) and a larger share of senior versus junior goaltenders (difference, 12%–20%; P =.13–.18). Conclusion: The post-play and the butterfly were the goaltending techniques most frequently perceived as demanding, and more coaches than goaltenders percieved these techniques demanding. The results of this study may inform injury prevention efforts for ice hockey goaltending.

Original languageEnglish
JournalOrthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Nov

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Sport and Fitness Sciences

Free keywords

  • femoroacetabular impingement
  • groin pain
  • hip pain
  • ice hockey

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