The possible origin of the common wall lizard, Podarcis muralis (Laurenti, 1768) in Ukraine

Oleksandra Oskyrko, Hanna Laakkonen, Iolanda Silva-Rocha, Daniel Jablonski, Oleksiy Marushchak, Tobias Uller, Miguel A. Carretero

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


The phylogenetic relationships and possible origin of a putative non-native population of Podarcis muralis in Ukraine were assessed based on sequences of the mitochondrial gene cytochrome b. Phylogenetic analysis showed that the Ukrainian lizards belong to two distinct mitochondrial lineages (haplogroups), both occurring within the Central Balkan clade, which includes most of central and south-eastern European populations. From overall three detected Ukrainian haplotypes, one haplotype share same genetic signal with the hyplotype from the locality Bjala (Bulgaria), the other two are unique for Ukrainian population. Two of haplotypes correspond with haplogroup covering large geographic region of Bulgaria, Serbia, and Romania. These results reinforce previous findings that the species has the ability to establish new populations out of its native range. While most introductions to Germany and Britain have been deliberate, it appears likely that human transport of goods via the Danube river of goods is responsible for the range expansion into Ukraine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)87-93
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Biological Systematics

Free keywords

  • Genetic diversity
  • Human-mediated introduction
  • Lacertidae
  • Natural dispersions


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