The role of local governments in overcoming barriers to industrial symbiosis

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The industrial symbiosis (IS) landscape is evolving at high speed. There is a growing interest in knowledge sharing and partnering, as is evident from the establishment of multiple IS networks at local and regional level. This article investigates the role of local governments in industrial symbiosis. It aims to build a theoretical framework explaining how local governments can reduce barriers to implementation of IS by applying different modes of governing. Findings show that local governments can do many things to overcome barriers and thus enhance IS. In many instances, local governments can support IS in an enabling function, by coordinating relationships and material exchanges, providing infrastructure and funding. They can also apply authoritarian and self-governing principles to develop policies and regulations to support IS development, as well as planning and control mechanisms linked to their own material and resource flows. This article concludes by suggesting a number of policy recommendations, such as local governments establishing a clear strategy on IS, and including IS in physical planning.
Original languageEnglish
Article number100014
JournalCleaner Environmental Systems
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Feb 11

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Environmental Engineering


  • industrial symbiosis
  • barriers
  • Local Government
  • local governance
  • modes of governing


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