The upgrade of the ALICE TPC with GEMs and continuous readout

ALICE Collaboration, Jonatan Adolfsson, M Angelsmark, Peter Christiansen, Martin Ljunggren, Oliver Matonoha, Adrian Nassirpour, Anders Oskarsson, A Önnerstad, Lennart Österman, David Silvermyr, Omar Vazquez Rueda, L. Vergara Urrutia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The upgrade of the ALICE TPC will allow the experiment to cope with the high interaction rates foreseen for the forthcoming Run 3 and Run 4 at the CERN LHC. In this article, we describe the design of new readout chambers and front-end electronics, which are driven by the goals of the experiment. Gas Electron Multiplier (GEM) detectors arranged in stacks containing four GEMs each, and continuous readout electronics based on the SAMPA chip, an ALICE development, are replacing the previous elements. The construction of these new elements, together with their associated quality control procedures, is explained in detail. Finally, the readout chamber and front-end electronics cards replacement, together with the commissioning of the detector prior to installation in the experimental cavern, are presented. After a nine-year period of R&D, construction, and assembly, the upgrade of the TPC was completed in 2020. © 2021 CERN for the benefit of the Alice collaboration..
Original languageEnglish
Article numberP03022
JournalJournal of Instrumentation
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Accelerator Physics and Instrumentation


  • CMOS readout of gaseous detectors
  • Gaseous imaging and tracking detectors
  • Micropattern gaseous detectors (MSGC, GEM, THGEM, RETHGEM, MHSP, MICROPIC, MICROMEGAS, InGrid, etc)
  • Time projection Chambers (TPC)
  • Readout systems
  • Control procedures
  • Front end electronics
  • Gas electron multipliers
  • Interaction rate
  • Readout chambers
  • Readout Electronics
  • Electron multipliers


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