BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and midterm outcomes of iliac branch devices (IBDs) to preserve the internal iliac artery perfusion in emergent endovascular repair of ruptured aorto-iliac aneurysms.
METHODS: Between December 2012 and July 2017, a total of 8 IBDs were implanted in 6 patients (the median age 65 years; all men) in a single tertiary referral center. The indication for IBD implantation was a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm with a concomitant common iliac artery aneurysm (n = 4) or isolated CIA aneurysms (n = 2). The main outcome measures were technical and clinical success. The secondary outcomes were primary and primary assisted patency, the occurrence of type I/III endoleaks, and reinterventions.
RESULTS: All patients were hemodynamically stable during the procedures, which were performed under local anesthesia. Technical success was achieved in all cases (the median total procedure time of 188 min and the median IBD procedure time of 28 min). The median follow-up was 34 months (interquartile range 19-78). There were no deaths during the follow-up and no major complications unrelated to the IBD. Two (25%) secondary interventions were performed for IBD occlusion in patients with bilateral IBDs. The other reintervention was a type II endoleak embolization in 1 of these 2 patients. The freedom from reintervention estimate was 75% through 2 years. The overall primary assisted patency was 100% through 3 years.
CONCLUSIONS: The use of IBDs in the acute setting is feasible to exclude ruptured aortoiliac aneurysms while maintaining pelvic circulation. The secondary intervention rate is considerable; however, the midterm assisted primary patency rates are promising. Further studies are needed to guide patient selection and to evaluate longer term outcomes.
Bibliographical noteCopyright © 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Subject classification (UKÄ)
- Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
- Aged, 80 and over
- Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/diagnostic imaging
- Aortic Rupture/diagnostic imaging
- Blood Vessel Prosthesis
- Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation/adverse effects
- Endovascular Procedures/adverse effects
- Feasibility Studies
- Graft Occlusion, Vascular/etiology
- Iliac Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging
- Middle Aged
- Prosthesis Design
- Retrospective Studies
- Time Factors
- Treatment Outcome
- Vascular Patency