The partial phase diagram of D2O/n-octyl-beta-D-alkyl-glucoside(C(8)G(1))/n-octane has been determined at T = 25 degrees C. The diagram contains a funnel-shaped micellar phase originating from the water corner of the phase diagram D2O/C(8)G(1) with the stern forming a narrow three-phase region, in which the three phases in equilibrium are two microemulsions of similar composition and an excess oil phase. The microemulsions have been characterized with NMR self-diffusion measurements. At high surfactant concentration and no or low n-octane content, branched micelles exist. As the n-octane content is increased, discrete micelles are formed. Upon further addition of n-octane, the phase separation into two microemulsion phases is induced. Possible mechanisms causing the phase separation are discussed. The phase diagram of D2O/(C(8)G(1))/1-octanol has been determined at 25 degrees C. Ten different phase regions were identified. The phases have been characterized with SAXS and deuterium heavy water NMR, and the swelling of the lamellar phase was investigated with SAXS. (c) 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Subject classification (UKÄ)
- Physical Chemistry