Thermostable carbohydrate-binding modules in affinity chromatography

Reine Johansson, Lavinia Cicortas Gunnarsson, Mats Ohlin, Sten Ohlson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingPaper in conference proceedingResearchpeer-review

8 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

Affinity chromatography is routinely used mostly on a preparative scale to isolate different biomolecules such as proteins and carbohydrates. To this end a variety of proteins is in common use as ligands. To extend the arsenal of binders intended for separation of carbohydrates, we have explored the use of carbohydratebinding modules (CBM) in affinity chromatography. The thermostable protein CBM4-2 and two variants (X-6 and A-6) thereof, selected from a newly constructed combinatorial library, were chosen for this study. The CBM4-2 predominantly binds to xylans but also crossreacts with glucose-based olligomers. The two CBM-variants X-6 and A-6 had been selected for binding to xylan and Avicel (a mixture of amorphous and microcrystalline cellulose), respectively. To assess the ability of these proteins to separate carbohydrates, they were immobilized to macroporous microparticulate silica and analyses were conducted at temperatures ranging from 25 to 65 degrees C. With the given set of CBM-variants, we were able to separate cello- and xylo-oligomers under isocratic conditions. The affinities of the CBMs for their targets were weak (in the mM-mu M range) and by adjusting the column temperature we could optimize peak resolution and chromatographic retention times. The access to thermostable CBM-variants with diverse affinities and selectivities holds promise to be an efficient tool in the field of affinity chromatography for the separation of carbohydrates. Copyright (c) 2006 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationJournal of Molecular Recognition
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons Inc.
Pages275-281
Volume19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006
EventBioaffinity 2005 - Upsala, Sweden
Duration: 2005 Aug 142005 Aug 18

Publication series

Name
Number4
Volume19
ISSN (Print)1099-1352
ISSN (Electronic)0952-3499

Conference

ConferenceBioaffinity 2005
Country/TerritorySweden
CityUpsala
Period2005/08/142005/08/18

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Immunology in the medical area

Keywords

  • affinity chromatography
  • thermostable
  • carbohydrate-binding modules
  • weak affinity

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