Time Resolved Ambient Pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapterResearchpeer-review


This chapter describes basic principles and recent advances in time-resolved X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy with particular emphasis on studies conducted in complex reaction environments. Specifically, it discusses different ways for obtaining time information and achieving different time resolutions in tr-(AP)XPS experiment, covering timescales from fs to s. This includes experimental setups at the free-electron lasers as well as electron storage rings and high-harmonic generation light sources. A variety of perturbations such as optical, mechanical, gas composition, temperature, and pressure is discussed. A number of examples are described that demonstrate the power of tr-APXPS in studies combining various timescales and perturbation methods.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAmbient Pressure Spectroscopy in Complex Chemical Environments
EditorsAshley R. Head, Slavomír Nemšák, Baran Eren
PublisherThe American Chemical Society (ACS)
Number of pages30
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Publication series

NameACS Symposium Series
ISSN (Print)0097-6156
ISSN (Electronic)1947-5918

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical Chemistry


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