Traditional Farming Landscapes for Sustainable Living in Scandinavia and Japan: Global Revival Through the Satoyama Initiative

Björn Berglund, Junko Kitagawa, Per Lageras, Koji Nakamura, Naoko Sasaki, Yoshinori Yasuda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

Traditional, pre-industrial farming was adapted to the natural environment-topography, geology, hydrology, climate, and biota. Traditional land use systems are still to be traced in Scandinavia as an "infield/outland landscape", and in Japan as a "Satoyama landscape." There are obvious similarities and differences in land use-the main difference being that pasturing of cattle and sheep has been less important in Japan. These land use systems can be traced back to early sedentary settlements 1500-2500 years ago. In both regions, traditional management almost ceased in the mid-twentieth century leading to afforestation and decreased biological diversity. Today, there is in Japan a growing movement for landscape restoration and promotion of a sustainable living countryside based on local agrarian and forestry production, local energy, tourism, etc. With this background, the so-called Satoyama Initiative has been organized and introduced as a global socio-ecological project with ecosystem services for human well-being.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)559-578
JournalAmbio: a Journal of Human Environment
Volume43
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Geology

Keywords

  • Agrarian land use history
  • Satoyama landscape
  • Infield/outland
  • Nature
  • restoration
  • Biodiversity changes
  • Deforestation history

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