Transient dynamics of a magnetic impurity coupled to superconducting electrodes: Exact numerics versus perturbation theory

R. Seoane Souto, A. E. Feiguin, A. Martín-Rodero, A. Levy Yeyati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Impurities coupled to superconductors offer a controlled platform to understand the interplay between superconductivity, many-body interactions, and nonequilibrium physics. In the equilibrium situation, local interactions at the impurity induce a transition from the spin-singlet to the spin-doublet ground state, resulting in a supercurrent sign reversal (0-π transition). In this work, we apply the exact time-dependent density matrix renormalization group method to simulate the transient dynamics of such superconducting systems. We also use a perturbative approximation to analyze their properties at longer times. These two methods agree for a wide range of parameters. In a phase-biased situation, the system gets trapped in a metastable state characterized by a lower supercurrent compared to the equilibrium case. We show that local Coulomb interactions do not provide an effective relaxation mechanism for the initially trapped quasiparticles. In contrast, other relaxation mechanisms, such as coupling to a third normal lead, make the impurity spin relax for parameter values corresponding to the equilibrium 0 phase. For parameters corresponding to the equilibrium π phase the impurity converges to a spin-polarized stationary state. Similar qualitative behavior is found for a voltage-biased junction, which provides an effective relaxation mechanism for the trapped quasiparticles in the junction.

Original languageEnglish
Article number214506
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume104
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Dec 1

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Condensed Matter Physics

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