Transmission measurements in air using the ESTRO mini-phantom

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The aim of this work is to study the possibility of using the ESTRO mini-phantom for transmission measurements of primary kerma in water at a point free in air. We discuss in-air measurements in general, with special attention given to in-air equivalent measurements using a water equivalent mini-phantom. The study includes four different photon energies (4, 6, 10 and 18 MV), where scoring of dose and primary kerma inside a mini-phantom in narrow beam geometry is performed with the Monte Carlo code EGS4. The results reveal that relative measurements (i.e. with and without a water absorber present) at 10 cm depth in a mini-phantom do not represent the variation of primary kerma in water at a point free in air (deviations as large as 7% at 4 MV are observed). Minimum deviations are obtained at depths somewhat larger than the depth of dose maximum. The observed deviations are due to a considerable beam hardening in the water absorber, which changes the amount of attenuation and scatter inside the mini-phantom.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2445-2450
JournalPhysics in Medicine and Biology
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1999

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging


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