Type I interferon signaling in dendritic cells stimulates the development of lymph-node-resident T follicular helper cells.

Helena Cucak, Ulf Yrlid, Boris Reizis, Ulrich Kalinke, Bengt Johansson Lindbom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

130 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

T follicular helper (Tfh) cells represent a recently defined CD4(+) T cell subset characterized by the expression of the chemokine receptor CXCR5 and an enhanced ability to support B cells to mount antibody responses. Here, we demonstrate that lymph-node-resident CXCR5(+) Tfh cells and gut-homing integrin alpha(4)beta(7)-expressing T helper cells are generated as separate subsets in the gut-draining mesenteric lymph nodes. Type I interferon signaling in dendritic cells and in nonhematopoietic cells selectively stimulates Tfh cell development in response to antigen in conjunction with Toll-like receptor (TLR)3 or TLR4 agonists. Consistent with this, the ability of dendritic cells to produce the cytokine IL-6, required for in vivo Tfh differentiation, and antibody affinity maturation are both reduced in absence of type I interferon signaling. Thus, our results identify type I interferon as a natural adjuvant that selectively supports the generation of lymph node resident Tfh cells.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)491-501
JournalImmunity
Volume31
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Immunology in the medical area

Keywords

  • Helper-Inducer: metabolism
  • T-Lymphocytes
  • Receptor
  • Interferon alpha-beta: immunology
  • Receptors
  • CXCR5: metabolism
  • Helper-Inducer: cytology
  • Helper-Inducer: immunology
  • Interferon alpha-beta: genetics
  • Interferon alpha-beta: deficiency
  • Lymph Nodes: metabolism
  • Lymph Nodes: immunology
  • Lymph Nodes: cytology
  • Interleukin-6: biosynthesis
  • Interferon Type I: immunology
  • Integrins: metabolism
  • CD11c: immunology
  • Antigens
  • Dendritic Cells: immunology

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