Unemployment and economic security for young adults in Finland, Norway and Sweden: From unemployment protection to poverty relief

Thomas Lorentzen, Anna Angelin, Espen Dahl, Timo Kauppinen, Pasi Moisio, Tapio Salonen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

In this study, we investigated if there has been a displacement in the type and coverage of welfare services available for young unemployed adults in Finland, Norway and Sweden over the last two decades. This question is important because a number of studies have argued that the generous unemployment benefits and extensive labour market intervention found in the Nordic welfare states shield young people from the most severe consequences of economic inactivity. In this article, we instead show that during this period, less generous means-tested unemployment and social assistance benefits have become the most important form of income protection for young people. In evidence, earnings-related unemployment benefits now cover only 10 per cent of unemployed Swedes and Finns and 45 per cent of unemployed Norwegians aged 24 years or younger. This development marks a significant change in our understanding of unemployment protection for young people in Nordic countries.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-51
JournalInternational Journal of Social Welfare
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Social Work

Keywords

  • unemployment protection
  • youth
  • means-tested benefits
  • poverty relief
  • welfare state restructuring
  • social assistance

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