University invention and the abolishment of the professor's privilege in Finland

Olof Ejermo, Hannes Toivanen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (SciVal)


In 2007 Finland changed ownership rights to inventions from its employees - "the professor's privilege" - to universities. We investigate how this change affected academic patenting using new data on inventors and patenting in Finland for the period 1995-2010. Matched sample panel data regressions using difference-in-differences show that patenting by individuals dropped by at least 29 percent after 2007. Unlike other countries studied, in Finland the reform was known before implementation. Adding the period after announcement to the reform period increases the drop in academic patenting to 46 percent. Our and others' results call into question whether the European reform of the professor's privilege were good innovation policy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)814-825
JournalResearch Policy
Issue number4
Early online date2018 Mar 8
Publication statusPublished - 2018 May

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Social Sciences Interdisciplinary


  • Academic patenting
  • Finland
  • Professor's privilege
  • University ownership


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