Unlocking the “Hard to Abate” Sectors: WRI expert perspective

Research output: Book/ReportReportResearch


Energy-intensive industries (EIIs) produce basic materials that are responsible for around 22 percent of global CO2 emissions. The emissions keep increasing due to growing demand for basic materials as the world develops and effective global climate policy responses remain lacking. Reversing this trend and aligning the emissions trajectory with the goals of the Paris Agreement is an urgent and challenging task. EIIs are an integral part of the industrialized society and have coevolved over several decades with infrastructure, social institutions, knowledge, and technology. This has led to a highly efficient but fossil-fuel dependent production system resulting in a carbon lock-in. This path dependency can be traced to several mechanisms at play simultaneously. The dependency can be unlocked, but this will require concerted effort and long-term vision. This expert perspective shed some light on the various "lock-ins" at play and offers some solutions
Original languageEnglish
PublisherWRI World Resources Institute
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Mar 1

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Environmental Engineering


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