Updated European Association of Urology Guidelines on Renal Cell Carcinoma: Nivolumab plus Cabozantinib Joins Immune Checkpoint Inhibition Combination Therapies for Treatment-naïve Metastatic Clear-Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma

Jens Bedke, Laurence Albiges, Umberto Capitanio, Rachel H. Giles, Milan Hora, Thomas B. Lam, Börje Ljungberg, Lorenzo Marconi, Tobias Klatte, Alessandro Volpe, Yasmin Abu-Ghanem, Saeed Dabestani, Sergio Fernández-Pello, Fabian Hofmann, Teele Kuusk, Rana Tahbaz, Thomas Powles, Axel Bex

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

Longer follow-up and new trial data from phase 3 randomised controlled trials investigating immune checkpoint blockade (PD-1 or its ligand PD-L1) in advanced clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC) have recently become available. The CheckMate 9ER trial demonstrated an improved progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) benefit for the combination of cabozantinib plus nivolumab. A Keynote-426 update demonstrated an ongoing OS benefit for pembrolizumab plus axitinib in the intention-to-treat population, with a PFS benefit seen across all International Metastatic Database Consortium (IMDC) subgroups, while an update of CheckMate 214 confirmed the long-term benefit of ipilimumab plus nivolumab in IMDC intermediate and poor risk patients. The RCC Guidelines Panel continues to recommend these tyrosine kinase inhibitors + immunotherapy (IO) combination across IMDC risk groups in advanced first-line RCC and dual immunotherapy of ipilimumab and nivolumab in IMDC intermediate and poor risk. Patient summary: New data from trials of immune checkpoint inhibitors for advanced kidney cancer confirm a survival benefit with the combination of cabozantinib plus nivolumab and pembrolizumab plus axitinib and ipilimumab plus nivolumab. These combination therapies are recommended as first-line treatment for advanced kidney cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)339-342
Number of pages4
JournalEuropean Urology
Volume79
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Mar

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Cancer and Oncology

Keywords

  • Cabozantinib
  • Clear cell
  • First line
  • Nivolumab
  • Renal cell carcinoma
  • Systemic therapy
  • Treatment-naïve

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