Usefulness of High Sensitivity Troponin T to Predict Long-Term Left Ventricular Dysfunction After ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction

Moman A. Mohammad, Sasha Koul, Jacob Thomsen Lønborg, Lars Nepper-Christensen, Dan E. Høfsten, Kiril A. Ahtarovski, Lia E. Bang, Steffen Helqvist, Kasper Kyhl, Lars Køber, Henning Kelbæk, Niels Vejlstrup, Lene Holmvang, Mikkel Malby Schoos, Christoffer Göransson, Thomas Engstrøm, David Erlinge

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Abstract

Guidelines recommend the use of transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) and clinical scores to risk stratify patients after ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). High sensitivity troponin T (hs-cTnT) is predictive of outcome after STEMI but the predictive value of hs-cTnT relative to other risk assessment tools has not been established. We aimed to compare the predictive value of hs-cTnT to other risk assessment tools in patients with STEMI. A subset of 578 patients with STEMI were included in this post-hoc study from the Third DANish Study of Optimal Acute Treatment of Patients with ST-segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction trial. Patients underwent cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) during index hospitalization as well as TTE at 1 year after their STEMI. The predictive value of hs-cTnT was compared with CKMB, infarct size (IS)/left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) assessed with CMR, LVEF assessed at discharge with TTE and the Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE) and Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) risk-scores. The primary outcome was LV systolic dysfunction defined as LVEF ≤40% after 1 year on TTE. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve analyses showed no significant difference between hs-cTnT and early CMR-assessed IS or LVEF in predicting subsequent LVEF ≤40%. Area under the curve for hs-cTnT was 0.82, 0.85 for IS (p = 0.22), and 0.87 for LVEF (p = 0.23). For predischarge TTE-assessed LVEF, the value was 0.85 (p = 0.45), 0.63 for creatine kinase-MB (p <0.001), 0.61 for the GRACE score (p <0.001), and 0.70 for the TIMI score (p = 0.02). A peak hs-cTnT value <3,500 ng/L ruled out LVEF ≤40% with probability of 98%. In conclusion, in patients presenting with STEMI undergoing PCI, hs-cTnT level strongly predicted long-term LV dysfunction and could be used as a clinical risk stratification tool to identify patients at high risk of progressing to LV dysfunction due to its general availability and high-predictive accuracy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8-13
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Volume134
Early online date2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Nov 1

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems

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