User Participation in Object-Oriented Contexts - From Methodological and Practical Perspectives

Xiuhua Zhang

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis (monograph)


In this study, user participation is suggested as a means, a process and role-playing between system users and developers in systems development. User participation in object-oriented contexts is observed from methodological and practical perspectives as a combined field of study. From the methodological perspective, three object-oriented methods are assessed according to NIMSAD, a method evaluation framework. The method evaluation indicates that user participation is weak in the three object-oriented methods. From the practical perspective, object-oriented systems practice is investigated in six industrial organizations in Sweden, from which two forms of user participation are found and provided. They reveal that user participation could be explored from the understanding of objects and be studied from the method application. It is argued that system users can play a role as method users in the whole development process. Such an argument is only found from the systems practice far.
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • Department of Informatics
  • [unknown], [unknown], Supervisor, External person
Award date1999 Jan 29
Publication statusPublished - 1999

Bibliographical note

Defence details

Date: 1999-01-29
Time: 10:15
Place: Sal 101, EC II

External reviewer(s)

Name: Flensburg, Per
Title: Associate Professor
Affiliation: [unknown]


Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Information Systems, Social aspects

Free keywords

  • systems theory
  • Informatics
  • method evaluation
  • object-oriented analysis and design
  • user participation
  • Object-oriented method
  • systems development
  • Informatik
  • systemteori


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