Using a word association task to investigate semantic depth in Swedish-speaking children with Developmental Language Disorder

Olof Sandgren, Eva-Kristina Salameh, Ulrika Nettelbladt, Annika Dahlgren-Sandberg, Ketty Andersson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

We examined word associations in Swedish children with Developmental Language Disorder (DLD) compared to their typically developing (TD) peers. Furthermore, the study aimed to explore the dimensions of vocabulary knowledge (breadth, depth, and fluency) in these children. Fifty children (15 DLD and 35 TD) participated in the study, aged six to nine years. This age span is commonly associated with substantial lexical reorganisation, by some referred to as the syntagmatic-paradigmatic shift. Fifty items from the Kent-Rosanoff list were used to elicit word associations (say the first word that comes to mind). Word associations were coded as paradigmatic (lion-tiger), syntagmatic (chair-sit), phonological (moon-poon), and other/no answer (foot-hello/bed- -). A semantic depth score (paradigmatic and syntagmatic associations) was calculated and analysed. The children with DLD showed significantly lower semantic depth scores than their TD peers, in line with previous research in English-speaking children. However, the vocabulary dimensions were uniformly affected for the DLD group, contradicting previous findings of semantic depth as a particular area of weakness in this group.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)134-140
Number of pages7
JournalLogopedics Phoniatrics Vocology
Volume46
Issue number3
Early online date2020 Jun 25
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Other Health Sciences

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