V1 Declaratives in Spoken Swedish : Syntax, Information Structure, and Prosodic Pattern

Maria Mörnsjö

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis (monograph)

Abstract

The topic of the present thesis is V1 declaratives in spoken Swedish. Such constructions constitute an interesting object for research due to the fact that Swedish is a V2 language where V1 word order is grammaticalized for yes/no questions. Hitherto we have lacked a thorough study of the phenomenon. Therefore this thesis aims at investigating V1 declaratives in spoken Swedish from different points of view, such as their syntactic and information structural characteristics and contextual constraints, as well as whether there are prosodic cues which may disambiguate a declarative interpretation from an interrogative interpretation of a V1 clause. A perception experiment has been carried out testing the role of two variables hypothesized to be of importance for the disambiguation: focal accent position (utterance initial vs. utterance final position) and F0 slope (presence vs. absence of downstepping). The interaction between syntax, information structure, and prosody is thus of prime interest for the discussion.

The study is based on 200 V1 declaratives collected from various text types where the speakers are of different age, sex, and dialect. Two categories of V1 declaratives are distinguished. The first category has an obligatory element absent (a referential argument or a non-referential subject) which is claimed to be phonetically non-realized in the position before the verb. The second category has all the obligatory elements present, but there are reasons to believe that this type has a phonetically non-realized connective adverb (a frame topic) in front of the finite verb.

The results of the investigation clearly reveals that V1 declaratives in spoken Swedish should not be considered speech errors, but constitute a communicative resource that is the result of the interplay between grammar, information structure and context. An important property of the general patterns discerned is that the two V1 categories differ from a V2 sentence only in the non-realization of phonological features in the initial position.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor
Awarding Institution
  • Division of Swedish subjects, Danish, and Icelandic
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Platzack, Christer, Supervisor
  • Molnar, Valéria, Supervisor
Award date2002 May 23
Publisher
ISBN (Print)91-628-5273-6
Publication statusPublished - 2002

Bibliographical note

Defence details

Date: 2002-05-23
Time: 10:00
Place: Dpt. of Scandinavian Languages, room Kock

External reviewer(s)

Name: Engdahl, Elisabet
Title: Docent
Affiliation: Gothenburg University

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The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015.
The record was previously connected to the following departments: Swedish (015011001)

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Languages and Literature

Keywords

  • Scandinavian languages and literature
  • spoken language
  • perception test
  • dynamicity
  • downstep
  • F0 slope
  • focal accent
  • narrative
  • discourse
  • topic
  • cohesion
  • V2
  • V1
  • prosody
  • information structure
  • declarative
  • Spec-CP
  • Nordiska språk (språk och litteratur)
  • Grammar
  • semantics
  • semiotics
  • syntax
  • Grammatik
  • semantik
  • semiotik

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