Vacuum-Assisted wound closure and mesh-mediated fascial traction for open abdomen therapy - a systematic review

Stefan Acosta, Martin Björck, Ulf Petersson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Background: The aim of this paper was to review the literature on vacuum-Assisted wound closure and mesh-mediated fascial traction (VAWCM) in open abdomen therapy. It was designed as systematic review of observational studies. Methods: A Pub Med, EMBASE and Cochrane search from 2007/01-2016/07 was performed combining the Medical Subject Headings "vacuum", "mesh-mediated fascial traction", "temporary abdominal closure", "delayed abdominal closure", "open abdomen", "abdominal compartment syndrome", "negative pressure wound therapy" or "vacuum assisted wound closure". Results: Eleven original studies were found including patients numbering from 7 to 111. Six studies were prospective and five were retrospective. Nine studies were on mixed surgical (n = 9), vascular (n = 6) and trauma (n = 6) patients, while two were exclusively on vascular patients. The primary fascial closure rate per protocol varied from 80-100%. The time to closure of the open abdomen varied between 9-32 days. The entero-Atmospheric fistula rate varied from 0-10.0%. The in-hospital survival rate varied from 57-100%. In the largest prospective study, the incisional hernia rate among survivors at 63 months of median follow-up was 54% (27/50), and 16 (33%) repairs out of 48 incisional hernias were performed throughout the study period. The study patients reported lower short form health survey (SF-36) scores than the mean reference population, mainly dependent on the prevalence of major co-morbidities. There was no difference in SF-36 scores or a modified ventral hernia pain questionnaire (VHPQ) at 5 years of follow up between those with versus those without incisional hernias. Conclusions: A high primary fascial closure rate can be achieved with the vacuum-Assisted wound closure and meshmediated fascial traction technique in elderly, mainly non-Trauma patients, in need of prolonged open abdomen therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-145
Number of pages7
JournalAnaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jun 22

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Clinical Medicine

Free keywords

  • Mesh-Mediated Fascial Traction
  • Negative Pressure Wound Therapy
  • Open Abdomen
  • Temporary Abdominal Closure
  • Vacuum


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