Valence photoionization and photoelectron-photoion coincidence (PEPICO) study of molecular LiCl and Li2Cl2

M. Patanen, K. J. Borve, J. A. Kettunen, Samuli Urpelainen, M. Huttula, H. Aksela, S. Aksela

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Molecular LiCl and Li2Cl2 have been studied in the vapor phase with valence photoelectron and photoelectron-photoion coincidence spectroscopies. These two techniques determine the binding energies in fundamentally different ways. Binding energies obtained from photoelectron spectra are usually taken as the vertical ionization energies of the corresponding electronic states. In cases with several overlapping bands, corresponding to different electronic states, the coincidence measurement can separate the bands if the respective final states fragment differently. This applies well to the monomer case. To facilitate the determination of state-specific ionization energies in the dimeric molecule, a theoretical Franck-Condon analysis has been carried out. Moreover, ab initio coupled-cluster and density-functional-theory calculations have been used to analyze the fragmentation pattern based on asymptotic dissociation energies. The fragmentation pattern is largely common to all the accessible valence-ionized states of the chiller, consistent with rapid conversion to the ionic ground state before fragmentation. However, the highest-lying state of Li2Cl2+, (2)A(g). shows enhanced propensity for Li+ as dissociation product. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)285-293
JournalJournal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena
Issue number8-9
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Physical Sciences
  • Natural Sciences

Free keywords

  • Gas phase
  • LiCl: Li2Cl2
  • Photoelectron spectroscopy
  • Fragmentation
  • Ab initio calculations


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