Validity and reliability of the Oura Ring Generation 3 (Gen3) with Oura sleep staging algorithm 2.0 (OSSA 2.0) when compared to multi-night ambulatory polysomnography: A validation study of 96 participants and 421,045 epochs

Thomas Svensson, Kaushalya Madhawa, Hoang NT, Ung il Chung, Akiko Kishi Svensson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the validity and the reliability of the Oura Ring Generation 3 (Gen3) with Oura Sleep Staging Algorithm 2.0 (OSSA 2.0) through multi-night polysomnography (PSG). Participants and methods: Participants were 96 generally healthy Japanese men and women aged between 20 and 70 years contributing with 421,045 30-s epochs. Sleep scoring was performed according to American Academy of Sleep Medicine criteria. Each participant could contribute with a maximum of three polysomnography (PSG) nights. Within-participant means were created for each sleep measure and paired t-tests were used to compare equivalent measures obtained from the PSG and Oura Rings (non-dominant and dominant hand). Agreement between sleep measures were assessed using Bland-Altman plots. Interrater reliability for epoch accuracy was determined by prevalence-adjusted and bias-adjusted kappa (PABAK). Results: The Oura Ring did not significantly differ from PSG for the measures time in bed, total sleep time, sleep onset latency, sleep period time, wake after sleep onset, time spent in light sleep, and time spent in deep sleep. Oura Rings worn on the non-dominant- and dominant-hand underestimated sleep efficiency by 1.1 %–1.5 % and time spent in REM sleep by 4.1–5.6 min. The Oura Ring had a sensitivity of 94.4 %–94.5 %, specificity of 73.0 %–74.6 %, a predictive value for sleep of 95.9 %–96.1 %, a predictive value for wake of 66.6 %–67.0 %, and accuracy of 91.7 %–91.8 %. PABAK was 0.83–0.84 and reliability was 94.8 %. Sleep staging accuracy ranged between 75.5 % (light sleep) and 90.6 % (REM sleep). Conclusions: The Oura Ring Gen3 with OSSA 2.0 shows good agreement with PSG for global sleep measures and time spent in light and deep sleep.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)251-263
Number of pages13
JournalSleep Medicine
Volume115
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024 Mar

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

Free keywords

  • Oura ring
  • Polysomnography
  • Reliability
  • Sleep
  • Sleep staging
  • Validity
  • Wearable device

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