Venous thromboembolism in ANCA-associated vasculitis: A population-based cohort study

Matina Liapi, David Jayne, Peter A. Merkel, Mårten Segelmark, Aladdin J. Mohammad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To determine incidence rate and predictors of venous thromboembolic events (VTE) in a population-based cohort with ANCA-associated vasculitis (AAV). Methods: The study comprised 325 patients diagnosed with AAV from 1997 to 2016. All cases of VTE from prior to vasculitis diagnosis to the end of the study period were identified. The BVAS was used to assess disease activity at diagnosis. Venous thromboembolisms occurring in a period beginning 3 months prior to AAV diagnosis were considered to be AAV-related. The standardized incidence ratio (SIR) and 95% CI of VTE were calculated using the incidence rate in the general population. Results: Fifty-nine patients (18%) suffered 64 VTE events. Of these, 48 (81%) suffered AAV-related VTE [deep vein thrombosis (n = 23), pulmonary embolism (n = 18) and other (n = 9)]. The incidence rate of AAV-related VTE was 2.4 per 100 person-years (95% CI 1.7, 3.0) during 2039 person-years of follow-up. The incidence during the first 3 months post-AAV diagnosis was 20.4 per 100 person-years (95% CI 11.5, 29.4), decreasing to 8.9 (95% CI 0.2, 17.6) and 1.5 (95% CI 0.0, 3.5) in months 4-6 and months 7-12 post-AAV diagnosis, respectively. The SIR was 34.2 (95% CI 20.2, 48.1) for deep vein thrombosis and 10.4 (95% CI 5.6, 15.1) for pulmonary embolism. In multivariate Cox regression analyses, only age and BVAS were predictive of VTE. Conclusions: The incidence rate and SIR of AAV-related VTE is high, and higher early in the course of the disease. Vasculitis activity and age are positively associated with VTE.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4616-4623
Number of pages8
JournalRheumatology (United Kingdom)
Volume60
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Oct 1

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Rheumatology and Autoimmunity

Free keywords

  • ANCA
  • Thromboembolism
  • Vasculitis

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