Virulence mechanisms of Moraxella in the pathogenesis of infection.

Laura Perez Vidakovics, Kristian Riesbeck

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

38 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Moraxella catarrhalis is an emerging human-specific pathogen responsible for upper and lower respiratory tract infections. Understanding the events in the complex pathogenesis and underlying mechanisms during M. catarrhalis infection is a key to the development of novel therapeutics and vaccines. RECENT FINDINGS: Several novel findings have been reported on Moraxella pathogenesis and, in parts, explain how the species stands as a commensal in preschool children and survives in the host. Molecular structures for different adhesins in addition to target ligands with respect to signalling and invasion have been defined. Evasion of the complement system allows Moraxella to survive in the mucosa and by neutralizing [alpha]1-antichymotrypsin the protease activity is increased, resulting in tissue destruction and thus promotion of bacterial attachment. Moraxella-dependent cell activation via immunoglobulin D in addition to toll-like receptors and specific epithelial cell inhibition by cross-linking of carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule-1 in the early innate immune response and, finally, the ability of M. catarrhalis to form biofilms are other specific research areas of interest. SUMMARY: Recent advances have allowed a more detailed picture of the processes involved in bacteria-host cell interactions, the cause of inflammatory processes and specific host defense responses against the intriguing species Moraxella.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)279-285
JournalCurrent Opinion in Infectious Diseases
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Microbiology in the medical area

Keywords

  • Virulence Factors: physiology
  • Respiratory Tract Infections: microbiology
  • Moraxellaceae Infections: microbiology
  • Moraxella (Branhamella) catarrhalis: pathogenicity
  • Moraxella (Branhamella) catarrhalis: immunology
  • Bacterial Proteins: physiology
  • Biomedical Research: trends

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